Jaisalmer Fort is locally known as Sonar Fort, which is one of the largest forts in the world located in the city of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, India. It was built by Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal in 1156 AD. This fort is popularly known as ‘Sonar Fort (Golden Fort)’ by the locals and is one of the most magnificent monuments in the city of Jaisalmer. This fort stands proudly amidst the golden sands of the Thar Desert, Jaisalmer Fort is one of the most prominent tourist attractions of Jaisalmer.
Jaisalmer Fort is 1,500 ft long and 750 ft wide and is built on a hill that rises above the height of 250 ft in the surrounding countryside. The basement of the fort has a 15 feet (4.6 m) long wall forming a double line of defence. There are four entrances towards the bottom of the fort, one of which was protected by cannon.
An individual device is hoisted on the crest of the fort walls, and is used to handle the weather. Tourists can see many architectural buildings inside the fort complex, which include palaces, houses and temples made of soft yellow sandstone. Its beauty increases with sunset. Jaisalmer Fort has narrow winding pathways that interlock many parts of the fort. The complex of Jaisalmer Fort is so wide that about one-fourth of the city’s population is located in this fort.
Ganesh Pol, Rang Pol, Bhoot Pol and Hawa Pol are the gateways to this fort which are known for sculptural beauty and beautiful designs. Some havelis are several hundred years old. In Jaisalmer, there are many elaborate havelis carved with yellow sandstone. Some of these have multiple floors and countless rooms, including adorned windows, arches, doors and balconies. The most visited places of this fort are the Raj Mahal, Jain and Laxmikant temples and many other temples and gates.